Climate change is the challenge of our time. It poses grave threats to agriculture and is already affecting the food security and livelihoods of small-scale farming households across the developing world.
Back-to-back droughts have pushed over a million people in southern Madagascar to the brink of starvation in the worst famine in half a century. Villagers have sold their possessions and are eating the locusts, raw cactus fruits, and wild leaves to survive. Climate change bringing warmer temperatures is believed to be exacerbating this latest tragedy. Instead of bringing relief, this year’s rains were accompanied by warm temperatures that created the ideal conditions for infestations of fall armyworm, which destroys mainly maize, one of the main food crops.
Up to 40% of global food output is lost each year through pests and diseases, according to FAO estimates, while up to 811 million people suffer from hunger.