The amount of children trying to flee conflict, violence and other crises is the highest on record, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said. Of detected human trafficking victims worldwide, children account for 34%.
The organization said in a statement that 36.5 million children were forced from their homes by the end of 2021.
The number includes 13.7 million children who are refugees and asylum-seekers, and almost 22.8 million children who have been internally displaced as a result of conflict and violence.
The numbers do not include children who have been displaced by climate and environmental disasters, and also do not include those displaced in 2022, or by the war in Ukraine.
UNICEF says the worldwide refugee population has more than doubled over the past decade, with children comprising nearly half. More than a third of displaced children are in sub-Saharan Africa (3.9 million or 36%), a quarter in Europe and Central Asia (2.6 million or 25%) and 13% (1.4 million) in the Middle East and North Africa.