You cannot make a revolution.
What was called the ‘March Action’ of 1921 was a failed attempt to re-ignite the revolutionary fervour of Germans by the KPD, the German Communist Party, which drew in the German Workers Party, the KAPD. Another even more futile rising by the KPD took place in Hamburg in 1923.
Karl Radek of the KPD, said that it was necessary to break with the passive wait-and-see attitude of Germany’s workers after the abortive Revolution of 1918-19. It led to Rosa Luxemburg’s ally, Paul Levi, to break with Comintern which is said to have instigated what can only be described as an stillborn putsch.
The March Action was centred around the industrial region of Leuna in Mansfeld, Saxony where left-wing militancy was strong. On the 21st a general strike was called and that seemed as far as the workers were prepared to go. They were not prepared to engage in an actual insurrection. This point of view was shared by the KAPD members in the Leuna factory who were unaware of their Berlin central committee supported the KPD’s armed struggle strategy.
The radical Max Holz led a couple of hundred “urban guerrillas” of who the two communist organisations had little control.
The rest of Germany remained relatively calm.
This ‘March Action’ resulted in hundreds of deaths and thousands being imprisoned for their involvement. It caused a widening of the split between the Communist Party cadres and the rank and file with mass resignations from both communist groups and their affiliated unions.