Capitalism's wars, poverty and persecution remain the principal drivers of migration through foreign interventions, predatory financial and commercial practices, and support for authoritarian regimes across Africa, Central Asia and the Middle East. We will soon be able to add climate change to this list.
If Europe really wants refugees and migrants to stop coming in “illegally” on inflatable dinghies and overloaded fishing boats, many dying in the process, it could arrange secure safe passage to those fleeing war, poverty and persecution. Nobody would pay in excess of 1.000 euros per head for a life-endangering boat journey across the Mediterranean if they could apply for their papers and permits abroad and pay 200 euros for a commercial flight to their destination of choice.
Perhaps all the peoples' histories may be different but our future is common.