Of the 400 native European tree species assessed for their risk of extinction by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). about half face disappearing from the natural landscape.
42% are threatened with extinction (assessed as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered). Among endemic trees - those that don't exist anywhere else on Earth - 58% are threatened.
A second report found almost half of all Europe's shrub species are threatened with extinction, due to the loss and destruction of Europe's wild areas, as well as agriculture, invasive species and climate change.