In a groundbreaking new report by the ACLU of Texas and the Texas Civil Rights Project, "A Solitary Failure," we hear directly from Texas prisoners like Alex in solitary for the first time. The reality is grim. On any given day there are over 6,000 Texans in solitary. Texas locks more people in solitary confinement than 12 other states combined. Prisoners are forced to live in conditions that would break most human beings. The report shows that many of them become broken as a direct result of being in solitary.
It isn't hard to figure out why, when you know the dehumanizing conditions Alex lives in. His barren, windowless cell is the size of a bathroom. When he spreads his arms, his fingertips almost graze the walls. His cell door is made of solid metal with a slot for a food tray. Two thin slits also adorn the door, so officers can see him. Weeks pass when Alex doesn't even see another person's face or look another human being in the eyes. He hasn't seen the stars in 10 years.
Alex would like to educate himself, get counseling for the abuse he suffered as a child, and deal with the addictions that lead him to prison before he returns to society. But in solitary, all such programming is forbidden. Unless policy changes are made in Texas, Alex is likely to return to the community directly from his solitary cell. We know that direct release from solitary leads to higher rates of return to prison, but sadly, the majority of states still allow direct release.
In the face of these stark and dehumanizing conditions, Alex is trying to bring meaning to his life. He is trying to survive. But the screams from his neighbors' cells and the madness of the solitary unit get to him. He is afraid that he will go insane before going home. Many of his counterparts have already given into the madness.
Alex isn't alone in his fears. And Texas isn't the only state with a problem. There are over 80,000 prisoners in "restrictive housing" in this country where prisoners are held in extreme forms of isolation. Across the nation, prisoners like Alex spend months, years, and even decades in solitary confinement. This human rights crisis is blowing up in our own backyard.
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