The US should not agree to ban the use or development of robotic weapons, the panel, led by former Google chief executive Eric Schmidt concluded. Instead it should consider AI for national security and technological advancement.
Vice-chairman, Robert Work, a former deputy secretary of defense, said such weapons are expected to make fewer mistakes than humans do in battle, leading to reduced casualties or skirmishes caused by target misidentification.
Concern has been mounting with the development of AI to power such systems, along with research finding biases in AI and examples of the software’s abuse. Previously, a coalition of non-governmental organisations has pushed for a treaty banning “killer robots”, saying human control is necessary to judge attacks’ proportionality and assign blame for war crimes. Thirty countries including Brazil and Pakistan want a ban and a UN body has held meetings on the systems since at least 2014. This panel said would be against US interests and difficult to enforce.