Monday, August 08, 2022

HIV/AIDS Still Endemic

 About 1.5 million people got HIV in 2021 — a million more than predicted. There were 650,000 deaths associated with AIDS in 2021 — that is more than one death every minute. UNAIDS says infection rates started to rise after global resources were diverted away from AIDS to tackle the coronavirus.

26 million people are on HIV treatment in low and middle-income countries.

 New infections disproportionately affect young women and adolescent girls, mostly in African countries, where young women are three times more likely to contract HIV than young men. 

In richer countries, HIV rates are higher among people of color than white people. That is true for the US and UK, including in indigenous communities in Australia, Canada and the US. 

Men who have sex with men have 28 times the risk of acquiring HIV compared with men of the same age and gender who do not have sex with men. 

A new drug called long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB-LA). The drug can be injected every 2-3 months to prevent HIV infection.   It works by blocking the HIV genome, which means that the virus is prevented from  integrating itself into human DNA and that stops it from replicating. So, it can't spread and take hold in the body. 

WHO notes that it is currently too expensive for most people. 

HIV/AIDS need billions in funding to avoid ′deep trouble′ | Science | In-depth reporting on science and technology | DW | 04.08.2022

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