Tuesday, December 19, 2017

Real Poverty

Approximately 795 million people across the globe, prominently from the developing countries, don’t have proper meals to consume. Countries like Philippines, Indonesia, Nigeria, Mali and Ethiopia have huge numbers of starving malnutritioned people.
As many poor in these countries depend on farming (highly undependable profession), they earn less than $2/day. This makes it difficult for them to manage a single meal also.
Lower income means more loans to meet the daily necessity. More loans means more interests which in turn means more debts. When these debts get unbearable, they resort to suicide as the last option.
Surprisingly, the countries with people going to bed hungry are the ones that have enough food. Poverty, displacement and inequality in distribution can be cited as main causes for the phenomena. A huge number of people die due to hunger than to diseases like AIDS in the world.
Thousands of people in the third world countries face death due to a decline in health that stems from poverty. The lack of good food, infrastructure, sanitation, increase in pollution, lack of implementation of health policies, overpopulation is some of the basic reasons for the increase in health problems. This causes a number of deadly diseases like Malaria, Pneumonia, Influenza, Typhoid and Hepatitis B affecting the population.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria poses as a serious problem in the third world countries. 68% of all malaria deaths are in children under the age of 5. 
72 million children around the world are deprived of basic education, even today. Due to extreme poverty in the third world countries, most of the families are not able to afford basic education for the children.
The Sub-Saharan area of Africa is adversely affected in terms of lack of education since 32 million children are uneducated. While poverty is the major factor, social parameters like inequality and marginalisation to play an important role. Girls in many of the third world countries are kept away from education due to discrimination against women.
Lack of infrastructure too contributes to the uneducation problem. For instance, in the rural parts of India, there is a severe shortage of schools, learning material, funds, classrooms, toilets etc.

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