Thursday, November 29, 2018

Unhealthy Diets

"What we're eating is killing us. So something needs to get us back on track with our food system," said Jessica Fanzo, a professor at the US Johns Hopkins University and a lead author of the report.

Nearly one in five deaths globally can be traced to dietary causes, a study of global nutrition says. Both a lack of food and an abundance unhealthy food cause dangerous malnutrition. The world is seeing widespread malnutrition caused not only by people not having enough food, but also having too much food that is bad for them, according to the latest Global Nutrition Report. The independently produced report, which shows Africa to be the region that is hardest hit by both forms of malnutrition, said diet was a higher risk factor for health than air pollution or even smoking.

The key findings of the report
  • Malnutrition  in all its forms could cost global society up to $3.5 trillion (€3.08 trillion) per year
  • Overweight and obesity alone cost $500 billion per year 
  • Some 45 percent of deaths in children under five are caused by undernutrition
  • Almost 16 million children under five are both stunted and wasted (suffering from acute malnutrition)
  • Well over 8 million under-fives are both stunted and overweight
  • Overweight and obesity contribute to an estimated 7.1 percent of all deaths
The report showed Africa to be the region most affected by all forms of malnutrition, sometimes in combination. Thirty of 41 countries hit by three forms of malnutrition — stunting among children, anemia in women of child-bearing age and excessive weight in women — are in Africa, it said. The report also pointed to the fact that while stunting among under-fives was on the decline globally, it was still increasing on the continent, with numbers growing from 50.6 million in 2000 to 58.7 million in 2017.

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