The UN human rights office said it was deeply concerned over the zero-tolerance policy introduced by the Trump administration to deter illegal immigration.
The spokeswoman Ravina Shamdasani said the policy had “led to people caught entering the country irregularly being subjected to criminal prosecution and having their children – including extremely young children – taken away from them as a result”.
She said information received from US civil society groups indicated that several hundred children had been separated from their parents at the border since October, including a one-year-old. She told reporters, “The practice of separating families amounts to arbitrary and unlawful interference in family life, and is a serious violation of the rights of the child. The use of immigration detention and family separation as a deterrent runs counter to human rights standards and principles.”
Shamdasani expressed regret that it was the only country in the world not to have ratified the UN convention on the rights of the child. Despite this, she insisted, Washington was bound by international human rights laws that its current practices were flouting. The child’s best interest should always come first, including over migration management objectives or other administrative concerns,” she said. "It is therefore of great concern that in the US, migration control appears to have been prioritised over the effective care and protection of migrant children. Detention is never in the best interests of the child and always constitutes a child rights violation,” she said, calling on Washington to “adopt non-custodial alternatives that allow children to remain with their families”.
William Spindler, of the UN refugee agency, said “the right to claim asylum is a fundamental human right... and it is also part of the law in the United States”.