Promoting both external and internal migration in Bangladesh is alleviating poverty for those who stay behind in two distinct ways. External migration, particularly short-term, promotes economic development through remittance flows, while internal migration, especially rural to urban, encourages economic self-sufficiency for farmers who remain at home by raising agricultural wages. Similarly to international migrants, internal migrants who leave the countryside for the city are contributing to wage growth in their home villages. Households who lose a worker to internal migration also decrease the available labor in their village as a whole. Basic economic theory states that upward pressure on wages should result.