Ignorance and aggressive business models are fuelling modern slavery in Britain's construction industry as failings by major contractors leave British and foreign workers vulnerable to forced labour, a trade body and campaigners said on Monday.
Top construction companies are pricing out ethical practice down their supply chains, and shifting responsibility to spot labour abuses onto their less well-resourced suppliers, found a report by Britain's Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB). The trade body said there was complacency and disbelief in the industry that major projects were being exploited by human traffickers despite construction being identified by police and the government as of one the most at-risk sectors in Britain.
"Unscrupulous labour providers, operating in the grey area of the law, are creating misery for thousands of British and foreign workers," said Chris Blythe, the CIOB's chief executive. "Contrary to public perceptions, modern slavery is not confined to small illegal operators ... criminals are attracted to big business because of the greater profits that they can earn," Blythe said in a statement as the report was published.
Modern-day slaves have been discovered on major infrastructure projects such as hospitals, power plants, and recycling centres among other sites, according to the report.
"The construction sector is recognised around the world as one of the highest risk industries for workers to be exploited in forced labour," said British anti-slavery chief Kevin Hyland.
Many firms are failing to comply with a landmark 2015 law that requires firms with a turnover of at least 36 million pounds to produce an annual statement showing what they have done to ensure their operations are slavery-free, the CIOB said.
"The fundamental challenge the construction sector faces is that its default business practices facilitate forced labour exploitation," said Andrew Wallis, head of the charity Unseen. "Many companies are not proactively engaging with the spirit of the transparency in supply chain legislation ... the perfect environment exists for people to be exploited," he added.