Socialist Standard No. 1367 July 2018
Summer School 2018
From Capitalism to Socialism. . . how we live and ...
Karl Marx Quotes
Tuesday, March 20, 2018
Climate change is likely to most affect the poorest and most vulnerable, making agriculture difficult or even impossible across large swaths of the globe, threatening water resources and increasing the likelihood of floods, droughts and heatwaves in some areas. Sea level rises and violent storm surges are also likely to hit low-lying coastal areas, such as in Bangladesh.
Climate change will result in a massive movement of people inside countries and across borders, where tens of millions will pour into already crowded slums, according to the World Bank. More than 140 million people in just three regions of the developing world are likely to migrate within their native countries between now and 2050. Within countries, the effects of climate change will create multiple “hotspots”: made up of the areas people move away from in large numbers, and the areas they move to.
In sub-Saharan Africa, 86 million are expected to be internally displaced over the period; in
Asia, about 40 million; and in Latin America, 17 million. Nearly 3% of the population was judged likely to move owing to climate change in the areas studied – a proportion that might be repeated elsewhere.
“Climate change-driven migration will be a reality, but it does not need to be a crisis, provided we take action now and act boldly,”
said John Roome
, a senior director for climate change at the World Bank group.
The 140 million figure extrapolates from current
but could be reduced if changes are made. If economic development is made more inclusive, for instance through better education and infrastructure, internal migration across the three regions could drop to between 65 million and 105 million, according to the report. If strong action is taken on greenhouse gas emissions, as few as 30 million to 70 million may migrate.
, the chief executive of the World Bank, said: “The number of climate migrants could be reduced by tens of millions as a result of global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and with far-sighted development planning.”
The World Socialist Movement believes such optimism is unfounded under capitalism
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