2 in 3 people will be living in towns and cities by the year 2030. Small farmers produce between 60 and 80 per cent of all food.
Each time a small farmer migrates to an urban area, it is one food producer less, and one food consumer more.
In 2015, there were 244 million international migrants, including 150 million migrant workers. About one third of them are aged 15-34.
Internal migration is an even larger phenomenon, with 740 million internal migrants in 2013. 40 per cent of international remittances are sent to rural areas, reflecting the rural origins of a large share of migrants.
“Rural areas of origin risk losing the younger and often most dynamic share of their workforce, while in transit and destination countries migration can constitute a challenge for local authorities to provide quality public services for migrants and host populations, and further strain the natural resource base,” said, Peter Wobst, senior advisor on the Strategic Programme on Rural Poverty Reduction at the Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations