One in five migrant workers – about 50 million people – lives and works in Europe, making the region home to a quarter of global remittance flows, according to a new report by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
Migrants living in Europe sent 109.4 billion dollars in remittances to lower-income European countries and to the developing world last year.
the actual figures for many countries could be substantially higher
than official estimates due to the frequent use of informal channels to
“We need to make sure that this hard-earned money
is sent home cheaply but more importantly that it helps families build a
better future for themselves, particularly in the poorest rural
communities where it counts the most,” said Kanayo F. Nwanze, president
of IFAD, about the report’s findings.
IFAD estimates that globally
80 billion dollars could be available for investment if migrant workers
and receiving families in rural areas were given more options to use
Of the total remittances sent by migrants living in
Europe, about one-third (36.5 billion dollars) remained within 19
countries in Europe, while two-thirds (72.9 billion dollars) were
received by poor families in over 50 developing countries outside
The report comes at a time when Europe is taking heavy
criticism over its policies towards migrants, especially with respect to
the Syrian refugee crisis.
In the last two decades, the
Mediterranean – the most lethal of Europe’s barriers against irregular
migration – has claimed nearly 20,000 migrant lives.
Figures for 2014 and this year indicate that the phenomenon is on the rise, with more migrant deaths than ever before.
people to continue to brave the perilous crossing, or over land
borders, and an estimated 150 million people worldwide now benefit from
remittances coming from Europe.
The report says that most
remittances are spent on staples like food, clothing, shelter, medicine
and education. However, studies indicate that up to 20 per cent of
remittances could be available for savings, investments or to repay
loans for small businesses.
With 40 per cent of remittances going
to rural areas, the report also suggests that remittances play a
critical role in the transformation of vulnerable communities. In fact,
remittances are estimated to equal at least three times official
development assistance to developing countries.
potential of remittances for development is still largely underutilized
but it is within our capacity to make every hard-earned euro, ruble,
pound, krona, or Swiss franc sent home count even more,” said Nwanze.
Western Europe and the Russian Federation (26 total sending countries) are the main sources of migrant remittances in Europe.
top six European sending countries account for 75 per cent of the
flows: the Russian Federation (20.6 billion dollars), the United Kingdom
(17.1 billion), Germany (14 billion), France (10.5 billion), Italy
(10.4 billion) and Spain (9.6 billion).
“Remittances offer a
unique opportunity to bring millions into the formal financial sector,”
said Pedro De Vasconcelos, co-author of the report and Coordinator of
the Financing Facility for Remittances at IFAD.
frequent interaction between remittance senders, receivers and the
financial system, remittances could spark a long-term and life-changing
While significant progress has been made over the
last few years to lower transfer costs, De Vasconcelos added that more
could be done through increased competition. By reducing transfer costs
to 5 per cent, as per the G20 objective set in 2009, an additional 2.5
billion dollars would be saved for migrant workers and their families
Can you imagine, without the need for money, just how different, just how huge the transformation in people's lives would be? The article is focussed on looking at, looking for, business opportunities when what folk like these want are their lives - to live as they want, including basic comforts which are mainly provided by the remittances, keeping them off the bread line. Can you imagine hoping and waiting every month for money from a relative abroad to keep you out of debt when all you really want is to be able to farm your own small plot of land without hindrance, or to earn enough to afford the necessities to send your children to school or even to feed them adequately each day?
Think about it, in your own life, how much anxiety and worry would dissipate without this fixation in the back of the mind, the never-ending challenge of having enough money at the right time to meet all the bills and renew what's broken or wearing out. Unemployment is huge right across the world and traditionally people have travelled in order to seek work. That hasn't changed except for numbers to grow in this dog eat dog system called global capitalism.
But who would choose to leave home and family, often at great risk and with no guarantee, if they could provide adequately for the family at home?
Capitalism has no incentive to equalise our status, in fact just the opposite. Our needs are all somewhat different but why shouldn't we all have free access to not just the basics of life but to a wider vision of how our societies, our communities, could be organised when that organisation is in our own hands?
Just imagine world socialism.
To read an inspiring piece, written in 1900, about a world without money please go to yesterday's post on the Socialist Courier